Azimuth Publications

Key Publications by Azimuth Staff 
The following publications provide examples of the work of Azimuth’s scientists:

Allard, P.J., A. Fairbrother, B.K. Hope, R.N. Hull, M.S. Johnson, L. Kapustka, G.S. Mann, B. Macdonald, and B. E. Sample. 2009. Recommendations for the development and application of wildlife toxicity reference values. Submitted to Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management.

Allard, P.J., H. Dirschl, and J. Sutton. 2000. Identification of priorities for biodiversity conservation in Sulawesi, Indonesia: framework and case-studies. Report prepared by the Collaborative Environmental Project in Indonesia funded by the Canadian International Development Agency. ISBN #0-9688142-1-2

Apitz, S.E. and E.A. Power. 2002. From risk assessment to sediment management: an international perspective. J. Soils & Sediments 2(2): 61-66.

Baker, R.F., M.J. Paterson, P. Blanchfield, B. Flett, and L. Wesson. 2004. Evaluation of non-lethal methods for the analysis of mercury in fish tissue. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 133: 568 – 576.

Bodaly, R.A., L.D. Maiers, J.D. Reist, and R.F. Baker. 1998. Low levels of variation in mitochondrial DNA sequences among northern Manitoba (Canada) populations of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis), with comparisons to lake cisco (C. artedi). Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 50: 341-347.

Chapman, P.M., P.J. Allard, and G.A. Vigers. 1999. Development of sediment quality values for Hong Kong Special Administrative region: a possible model for other jurisdictions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38 (3): 161-169.

Chapman, P.M. and G.S. Mann. 1999. Sediment quality values (SQVs) and ecological risk assessment (ERA). Marine Pollution Bulletin 38: 339-344.

Chapman, P.M. and E.A. Power. 1992. Chapter 14: Integrative assessments in aquatic ecosystems. In: G.A. Burton (ed.). Contaminated sediment toxicity assessment. CRC Press, Inc., Florida.

den Besten, P.J., E. de Deckere, M.P. Babut, B. Power, T.A. DelValls, C. Zago, A.M.P. Oen, and S. Heisse. 2003. Biological effects-based sediment quality in ecological risk assessment for European waters. J. Soils & Sediments 3(3):144-162.

Gaudet, C.L., E.A. Power, D.A. Milne, T.G.E. Nason and W.P. Wong. 1995. A framework for ecological risk assessment at contaminated sites in Canada: Part I: Review of existing approaches. Human Ecol. Risk Assess. 1: 43-113.

Gobas, F.A.P.C., C.E. Mackintosh, G. Webster, M. Ikonomou, T.F. Parkerton, and K. Robillard. 2003. Bioaccumulation of Phthalate Esters in Aquatic Food-Webs. Chapter In: Charles Staples (Ed.) Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. 3(Q): 201-225. Hutzinger Springer Publishers.

Harris, B., D. Tinsley and B. Power. 2002. Navigating a course through dirty mud in England and Wales. In: Porta, A., R.E. Hinchee and M. Pellei (eds.). Management of Contaminated Sediments, Proceedings of International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments, Venice, Italy. S1-2. Pp 27-34.

Healey, N. 2009. Lead toxicity, vulnerable subpopulations and emergency preparedness. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 134(3-4): 143-151

Hill, R.A. 1996. From science to decision-making: the applicability of Bayesian methods to risk assessment. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 2(4): 636-642.

Hill, R.A. 1997. Optimizing aerial flight frequency for the area-under-the-curve method of estimating escapement. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 17(2): 461-466.

Hill, R.A. 2005. Conceptualizing risk assessment methodology for genetically modified organisms. Environmental Biosafety Research 4(2): 67-70.

Hill, R. and S. Hoover. 1997. Importance of dose-response model form in probabilistic risk assessment: A case study of health effects from methylmercury in fish. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 3(3): 465-481.

Hill, R.A., and J.R. Irvine. 2001. Standardization of escapement data: a case study for the Nechako River chinook salmon population. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 21(3): 651-655.

Hill, R.A., and C. Sendashonga. 2003. General Principles for Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms: Lessons from Chemical Risk Assessment. Environmental Biosafety Research 2: 81-88.

Hill, R., and C. Sendashonga. 2006. Conservation biology, genetically modified organisms, and the Biosafety Protocol. Conservation Biology, December 2006. 16:12-40.

Hill, R.A., P.M. Chapman, G.S. Mann and G.S. Lawrence. 2000. Level of detail in ecological risk assessments. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40: 471-477.

Hoover, S., R. Hill, and T. Watson. 1997. Estimating risks from exposure to methylmercury: Application to First Nations people in Canada. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 97: 107-118.

Hoover, S., R. Hill and T. Watson. 1997. Exposure of aboriginals in British Columbia to methylmercury in freshwater fish: A comparison to reference doses and estimated thresholds. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 3(3): 439-464.

Johns, D.M., E.A. Power and B.J. Cassady. 2000. Sediment collection, assessment, sampling and monitoring. Chapter 11 In: J.H. Lehr (ed.). Standard Handbook of Environmental Science, Health and Technology. MacGraw Hill. Pp. 11.32-11.44.

Landis, W.G., A.J. Markiewicz V. Wilson, A. Fairbrother and G. Mann. 1998. Recommended Guidance and Checklist for Tier 1 Ecological Risk Assessment of Contaminated Sites in British Columbia. Prepared for (then) BC Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.

Lin, Z-P, M.G. Ikonomou, J. Hongwu, C.E. Mackintosh, and F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2003. Determination of Phthalate Ester Congeners and Mixtures by LC-ESI/MS in Sediments and Biota of an Urbanized Marine Inlet. Environmental Science and Technology 37: 2100-2108.

Mackintosh, C.E., J. Maldonado, J. Hongwu, N. Hoover, A. Chong, M. G. Ikonomou, and F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2004. The Distribution of Phthalate Esters in a Marine Aquatic Food Web: Comparison to PCBs. Environmental Science and Technology 38(7): 2011-2020.

Mackintosh, C.E., J.A. Maldonado, M.G. Ikonomou, and F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2006. Sorption of Phthalate Esters and PCBs in a Marine Ecosystem. Environmental Science and Technology 40(11): 3481-3488.

Paine, M.D., P.M. Chapman, P.J. Allard, M.H. Murdoch, and D. Minifie. 1996. Limited bioavailability of sediment PAH near an aluminum smelter: contamination does not equal effects. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15: 2003-2018.

Peters, E., N. Gassman, J. Firman, R. Richard, R, Richmond, and E. Power. 1997. Ecotoxicology of coral reefs and adjacent ecosystems. Annual Review for Tropical Ecotoxicology – Special Issue of Journal of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Power, E.A. and R.S. Boumphrey. 2004. International trends in bioassay use for effluent management. Ecotoxicology 13:377-398.

Power, E.A. and P.M. Chapman. 1992. Chapter 1: Assessing sediment quality. In: G.A. Burton (ed.). Contaminated sediment toxicity assessment. CRC Press, Inc., Florida.

Power, B.A., M.J. Tinholt, R.A. Hill, A. Fikart, R.M. Wilson, G.G. Stewart, G.D. Sinnett, and J.L. Runnells. 2010. A risk-ranking methodology for prioritizing historic, potentially contaminated mine sites in British Columbia. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 6(1): 1-10.

Sutton, J., P.J. Allard, and H. Dirschl. 2000. Comprehensive review of map and biodiversity information sources for Sulawesi, Indonesia. Report prepared by the Colla borative Environmental Project in Indonesia funded by the Canadian International Development Agency. ISBN #0-9688142-2-0

Veiga, M.M. and R.F. Baker. 2003. Protocols for environmental and health assessment of mercury released by artisanal and small-scale gold miners (ASM). Prepared for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), UN Project EG/GLO/01/G34 Global Mercury Project, Vienna, Austria. August, 2003.

Veiga,M.M., R.F. Baker, L. Bernaudat, and C. Beinhoff. 2003. Mercury in Artisanal Gold Mining and the Global Mercury Project. Urban Health and Development Bulletin. Vol.6 (4): pp 12-20. South Africa.

Veiga, M.M., R.F. Baker, S. Metcalf, B. Klein, A. Bamber, G. Davis, P. Singo, and H. Wotruba. 2006. Training manual for artisanal and small-scale gold miners. Prepared for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), UN Project EG/GLO/01/G34 Global Mercury Project, Vienna, Austria.